Glossary

A glossary of terms related to the FL Legislature
Term Definition
Amendment A proposal to change a procedural motion or proposed legislation. Types and versions of amendments
Committee amendment Recommended changes to a bill, which a committee has agreed upon. Each adopted committee amendment accompanies the bill reported favorably out of committee for floor consideration. When the bill goes to the floor, the committee amendment must be considered before any other amendment may be taken up.
Floor amendment A proposal offered by one or more legislators for consideration in the respective chamber.
Technical amendment A non-substantive amendment used to correct errors such as spelling, numbering, incorrect coding or directory language.
Appropriations, Implementing, and Conforming bills The general appropriations bill authorizes the spending of public money for specific uses, including salaries of public officers and other current expenses of the state. The implementing bill contains provisions necessary to effect the general appropriations bill. These bills are effective for one fiscal year only. A conforming bill is a bill that amends the Florida Statutes to provide for specific changes in the general appropriations bill.
Identical bill As used in bill history, companion bills that are identical word-for-word, including titles. However, Resolutions and Concurrent Resolutions are considered identical if the only difference is the word “House” or “Senate.”
Enrolled bill (ER) A Senate or House measure approved by both houses and signed by the legislative officers, which is sent to the Governor for action and transmittal to the Secretary of State or filed directly with the Secretary of State. The bill is enrolled in the house of origin under the supervision of the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House.
Engrossed bill (E1, 1st Eng., E2, 2nd Eng., etc.) The version of a measure that incorporates adopted floor amendments. The revision is done in the house of origin and engrossed under the supervision of the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House.
Committee Substitute (CS or C1) A Senate bill going through the committee hearing process sometimes has numerous amendments, or the amendments change the original concept of the bill. In these instances the bill is rewritten and becomes a committee substitute. The next committee of reference may again rewrite the bill, and more than one bill may be combined. The committee substitute continues to carry the identifying number of the original bill filed. A CS/CS or C2 is a Committee Substitute for Committee Substitute.
Linked bill A bill that is contingent upon passage of another bill within the same chamber, e.g., a trust fund bill, a bill providing a public record exemption, or an implementing bill.
Resolution A bill that is not subject to action by the Governor, is not subject to the constitutional one-subject limitation or to the constitutional title requirements, and, except for certain uses of joint resolutions and concurrent resolutions, does not have the effect of law. When adopted by both houses, it is signed by the legislative officers and presented to the Secretary of State.
Concurrent Resolution (SCR, HCR) A resolution that is adopted by both houses and is limited to procedural legislative matters and ratification of federal constitutional amendments.
Senate or House Resolution (SR, HR) A one-house document used for matters not involving the other house. It is often ceremonial or congratulatory in nature.
Joint Resolution (SJR, HJR) A resolution that is the only authorized method by which the legislature may propose amendments to the State Constitution. If passed, the proposed amendment would appear on a statewide ballot for voter approval or rejection. It must pass each house by a three-fifths vote of the membership. A joint resolution is also used for redistricting.
Similar bill As used in bill history, companion bills that are substantially similar in text or have substantial portions of text that are largely the same.
Conference Committee A committee composed of members of the Senate (appointed by the President) and members of the House of Representatives (appointed by the Speaker) whose sole purpose is to reach a final agreement on a bill.
Reading Each bill or proposed constitutional amendment must receive three readings on three separate days in each legislative house before it can be passed (unless waived by a two-thirds vote of the members for readings on the same day).
First Reading The bill is introduced and its title is published in the journal; sometimes first reading takes place during a chamber session.
Second Reading After favorable reports by all committees of reference, the bill is available for placement on the calendar. When it is considered on the floor, it is read a second time. Debate occurs and amendments may be considered. If amendments are adopted, the bill is engrossed.
Third Reading Debate on final passage occurs; a two-thirds vote is required to amend at this stage.
Extraordinary vote Certain measures require more than a simple majority vote for passage; thus such measures are said to require an “extraordinary vote.” For example, it takes two-thirds of the members voting to override the Governor’s veto or to move to waive the readings of a bill on separate days.
Favorable vote The necessary votes obtained in either house for a legislative matter to pass in that house.
Tie vote An equal number of legislators in either house vote for and against a bill, amendment, or motion, thereby killing the measure.
Unfavorable vote The term used when an issue fails to receive the necessary number of favorable votes.
Voice vote An oral vote is allowed on some legislative issues such as motions, amendments, and resolutions. A voice vote cannot be used for passage of bills or joint resolutions.

Source: Florida Senate Glossary